Giving the younger generation a ‘hand up’
The pandemic has given families time to reflect on their finances, according to a report published by IG Wealth Management last year. The report suggests that lockdowns gave some people the opportunity to save more by cutting high-cost consumption spending such as travel and entertainment.
What are they doing with these savings? IG’s report suggests that families are ready to help the younger generation with education, housing and starting new businesses. This is all happening against the backdrop of an increase in the number of households with accumulated investable wealth of at least $1 million, a 93% rise since 2006. In addition, the amount of wealth controlled by these financially successful families has risen from $1.6 trillion to $4.2 trillion.
“I think the higher priority is giving a leg up to this younger generation that is living through a very high cost of living,” says Nault.
“...people say that they don't want to give them a hand out, they want to give them a hand up.”
Parents lending their support also parallels what’s happening in the real estate market. The survey cited in the IG report suggests that the future parental support for a first home purchase was highest in British Columbia at 33% and Ontario at 30%, with both provinces home to the most expensive real estate markets in the country.
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Uptick in wealth transfer since the pandemic
Another financial service, Edward Jones, noticed that trend in their research too.
Julie Petrera, senior strategist of client needs at Edward Jones, says her company’s 2021 research suggests that about 64% of Canadians would prefer to leave inheritance — or at least a portion of it — during their lifetime.
“We have seen an uptick in wealth transfer since the start of the pandemic,” Petrera said.
However, record high inflation and exorbitant interest rates are complicating sentiments.
“Preliminary findings from this year indicate a decline by approximately 10% year-over-year,” Petrera said, explaining that the economic environment has shifted.
Longer life, more expenses
A longer average life expectancy is also complicating people’s desire to give more to their children while they are still alive.
“As life expectancy continues to rise, the average length of retirement rises, and therefore, so does the cost of retirement,” Petrera added.
In a study released by Edward Jones, respondents said the ideal length of retirement is now 27 years.
“That’s three decades to plan and save for.”
“A majority of respondents noted retirement is a new chapter in life rather than a time for rest and relaxation. Maintaining an active lifestyle comes at a cost, which again, must be planned and saved for appropriately,” Petrera said.
“So, while the trend of Canadians leaving an inheritance during their lifetime has continued, we are seeing a bit more hesitance than we did prior to the pandemic.”
Gifting or taking care of yourself
Trying to help children in tough economic times, while making sure one’s needs are met, is a delicate balance for parents.
“They have to plan it versus being very spontaneous about it,” said Nault.
Nault says that if a client calls her to express the desire to give a child about $100,000, her immediate response is to pause and reflect.
“I'm not saying the client shouldn't do that,” Nault elaborated, “But let's actually delve into the client’s retirement and estate plan and see how this fits in because there are other considerations.”
Nault advises parents to be fair and not give one child more than the other, all in hopes of avoiding familial feuds.
Is it better to die with zero?
So is it better for a person to die with zero and pass assets to children as gifts while they’re alive?
“Well, that's pretty hard to plan,” said Nault.
Instead, the financial advisor offers advice she gives to her clients.
“If you're gonna die with assets, die with a tax-free savings account fully topped up because the tax-free savings account can go to your spouse or to your children, or anybody else, quite frankly, tax free,” adds Nault.
Petrera too expressed the complicity of this decision.
“Most Canadians cannot predict how long they're going to live. If you're planning to die with no money, you run the risk of outliving your money,” Petrera said.
“On the other hand, we also see Canadians that consider dying with too much money as a risk too.”
At the end of the day, it’s a personal decision and each situation is different.
“For some people, that is absolutely their goal (dying with zero),” said Petrera.
“But others might want to plan to leave their legacy at death, such as a gift to a loved one or a donation to charity. And others might want to leave enough to repay debts, funeral costs, or other end-of-life expenses.”
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