Some policies only protect the lender

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When you buy a home and make a down payment of less than 20%, you’ll be forced to pay for mortgage default insurance — often called CMHC insurance.

This policy is purchased by your lender to protect itself in case you fail to make mortgage payments for any reason. The cost is folded into your mortgage payment and passed on to you.

Say you died and your family couldn’t pay the bills. Mortgage default insurance would guarantee the lender gets what it’s owed, even if your home sells for less than your outstanding debt.

However, just because the lender is satisfied, that doesn’t stop the mortgage default insurer from chasing after your family to cover its own costs.

Regardless of the size of your down payment, it’s a smart move to buy a separate policy to protect your family, instead of the lender.

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Policies that actually protect you

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You have two main options:

  • Mortgage life insurance. Offered by your lender, mortgage life insurance or mortgage protection insurance will pay off your outstanding loan balance if you die. You’ll pay a premium to your lender until your principal is paid off, and that premium will increase whenever you renew or refinance your mortgage.

  • Regular life insurance. These policies are a lot more flexible. You can choose to lock in a steady premium for however long you want, and you can pick a smaller or larger death benefit according to your budget and your needs.

Because, while paying off your mortgage may be the most significant expense you’ll need covered, it’s likely not the only one.

A standard life insurance policy can cover all kinds of family needs, like your children’s education, living expenses and the cost of your own funeral. You’ll get none of that from a mortgage insurance policy.

Why would someone choose mortgage life insurance?

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There are some upsides to lender-offered mortgage life insurance. First off, your payments will be rolled into the monthly cost of your mortgage, which is convenient.

You might also be able to skip the underwriting process in favour of a single yes or no health question, depending on the policy. You would qualify for coverage instantly without having to take a medical exam.

However, that could be more of a risk than a benefit. Policies without much scrutiny upfront go through underwriting once the claim is filed — that is, after you die.

If the insurance company decides you weren’t upfront and honest about your health or other disclosures at the time you applied, the whole claim could be declined. Even if it was a simple misunderstanding, you won't be around to contest the decision.

Your estate may be returned the premiums you paid over the life of the policy, but that won’t be close to the amount they were expecting to receive.

Also, because mortgage life insurance premiums increase with age alone — and are not typically based on a detailed assessment of your personal health — you might end up paying thousands of dollars more for the same coverage you’d get with regular life insurance.

Finally, because the policy only pays out your outstanding mortgage balance at the time of your death, the benefit effectively decreases over time while the premiums stay the same.

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Why would someone choose regular life insurance?

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On the other hand, a standard, quality life insurance policy offers:

  • Lower premiums. Assuming you choose “term” life insurance — coverage that lasts for a period of your choosing instead of your entire life — your premiums will likely start lower than mortgage life insurance premiums. That's because mortgage life insurers take on more risk by skipping the underwriting phase. You can also structure your policy so your premiums stay the same year after year.

  • Guaranteed coverage. Regular life insurance goes through medical underwriting upfront. Provided you didn’t fail to disclose any health issues when the policy was taken out — and that’s harder to do by mistake when you’re being assessed in detail — your beneficiaries are guaranteed to receive the cash payment if you pass away during its term.

  • Portability. Lender-provided insurance is tied to your mortgage loan. If you ever sell your home, refinance your mortgage or renew it, you’ll have to take out a new policy — one that could cost you a lot more, depending on how much older you’ve become. Alternatively, a term life insurance policy will follow you through any life changes.

  • A consistent payout. Paying down the principal on your debt will only lower the payout you’d get from mortgage life insurance. With term life insurance, if your family ever needs to file a claim, they’ll get the same amount paid out whether it comes at year four or 24 of the term.

  • Your choice of beneficiaries. Mortgage life insurance simply ensures your lender gets the money it’s owed. With term life insurance, you get to decide who gets the payout. And you can switch the beneficiaries if your circumstances change.

  • Flexibility in how the benefit is spent. If your beneficiaries have more pressing expenses than the mortgage, like tuition or credit card debt, they can decide how to spend the cash payout.

How one company makes it simple

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PolicyAdvisor

You may be thinking: “Sounds good, but getting life insurance takes both my time and my actual blood.” And, while that’s often true, it doesn’t have to be that way.

PolicyAdvisor is a fully online insurance advisor that allows you to quickly compare policies from Canada’s top 20 insurance companies. Just answer a few questions, and the site’s algorithms will recommend the right policy in minutes.

And, yes, it’s possible to get up to $3 million in coverage — fully assessed and approved upfront — without a medical exam.

Need extra help? PolicyAdvisor’s licensed insurance experts can walk you through each application step, and thanks to partnerships with the largest insurance carriers, they have plenty of insight to help you pick the policy that fits your needs and your budget.

Your family’s financial interests deserve the best protection you can provide. A little help from PolicyAdvisor can help you ensure your family won’t have to give up the comfort you’ve worked to build for them.

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About the Author

Sigrid Forberg

Sigrid Forberg

Reporter

Sigrid is a reporter with MoneyWise. Before joining the team, she worked for a B2B publication in the hardware and home improvement industry and ran an internal employee magazine for the federal government. As a graduate of the Carleton University Journalism program, she takes pride in telling informative, engaging and compelling stories.

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